Nicotine-related impurities in e-cigarette cartridges and refill e-liquids

ABSTRACT The nicotine used in e-cigarettes and refill e-liquids is extracted from tobacco, and its purity can vary depending upon manufacturer and grade. The US and European Pharmacopoeias make recommendations for the purity of nicotine intended…

Analysis of electronic cigarette cartridges, refill solutions, and smoke for nicotine and nicotine related impurities

Abstract The objective of this study was to determine nicotine and the nicotine related impurities, that is, cotinine, myosmine, anatabine, anabasine, and β-nicotyrine, in electronic cigarette cartridges, the liquid used to fill the cartridges,…

Electronic nicotine delivery devices: ineffective nicotine delivery and craving suppression after acute administration

Thomas Eissenberg Thomas Eissenberg, Department of Psychology and Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Box 980205, Richmond, Virginia, 23298, USA; teissenb@vcu.edu Electronic nicotine delivery devices (E-cigarettes)…

Electronic cigarettes: a survey of users

Jean-François Etter BMC Public Health (2010) 10: 231. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-10-231   Background In recent years several manufacturers, mainly in China, have produced electronic cigarettes (ecigarettes) that are distributed…

Electronic nicotine delivery systems: is there a need for regulation?

Anna Trtchounian, Prue Talbot Tobacco Control 2011;20:47-52.   Purpose Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) purport to deliver nicotine to the lungs of smokers. Five brands of ENDS were evaluated for design features, accuracy…

E-Cigarettes: A Rapidly Growing Internet Phenomenon

Cyrus K. Yamin, BS; Asaf Bitton, MD, MPH; David W. Bates, MD, MSc   Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) aerosolize nicotine and produce a vapor that emulates that of cigarettes but purportedly has fewer traditional toxins than…

Conventional and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have different smoking characteristics

Anna Trtchounian, M.S. Monique Williams, B.S. Prue Talbot, Ph.D. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 12, Issue 9, 1 September 2010, Pages 905–912     Introduction: Electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes are marketed…

Tests for the chronic toxicity of propylene glycol and triethylene glycol on monkeys and rats by vapor inhalation and oral administration.

O. H. ROBERTSON, CLAYTON G. LOOSLI, THEODORE T. PUCK, HENRY WISE, HENRY M. LEMON and WILLIAM LESTER Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics September 1947, 91 (1) 52-76; With a view to determining the safety of employing the…